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God of the Universe

How old is God? How Big is God? Who is God? These are the three great questions that are often asked by people, young and old, who are attempting to explain the God of the Universe.

How old is God?

According to the Bible, God is infinite and the time prior to the creation of the universe is infinite. God has always been. He is from everlasting to everlasting as is recorded in Psalm 90:2, “Before the mountains were brought forth, or ever You had formed the earth and the world, even from EVERLASTING TO EVERLASTING, You are God.”

Our finite minds demand a beginning and an end, but with God there is no beginning and no end. God is the great timeless One, as He stated to Moses, “I AM WHO I AM” (Exodus 3:14). God is always in the eternal present, as the great “I AM” of the universe. He is the High and Lofty One who inhabits eternity (Isaiah 57:15). He is the all powerful, all knowing, everywhere present God. He is the supreme intelligence behind all Creation. He never changes. He is the same yesterday, today and forever (Hebrews 13:8). However, all creation is in a continual state of change, but God will always be the same throughout all time and eternity. There is no beginning or end with God. However, when it comes to all that He has made within the universe, then the following verse applies, “He is the Alpha and Omega, the beginning and the end” (Revelations 1;8). He is the one who has brought all things within the universe into being and will bring about their demise.

How Big is God?

God is able to enter into the micro world as well as the macro world. It is possible to entertain some of the following scenarios.

1. Is God bigger than an atom? Is God big enough to enter into the world of an atom? Scientifically, atoms exist in the realm of the micro-world. No man has ever seen an atom. We can only detect their presence and characteristics through detailed chemical analysis. Atoms are the building blocks of the universe, the earth and all the natural world about us. There are about 106 atoms. Each atom can be likened to a miniature solar system. They, each, have a central nucleus with any where from one to 106 electrons revolving about the central nucleus. The electrons are negatively charged and there are an equal amount of positively charged protons within each nucleus.

At university, my physics professor illustrated the hydrogen atom, which has only one electron revolving about the central nucleus. It can be likened to a miniature solar system. From a nuclear position the hydrogen bomb is considered one of the most destructive weapons. The release of energy from an hydrogen atom is enormous. He envisaged enlarging the nucleus of the hydrogen atom to the size of a basketball and placing it in the city of Saskatoon, Saskatchewan. The electron would then be about the size of a baseball and would be in the vicinity of Regina, Saskatchewan a distance of about 200 miles.

Is God big enough to enter into the world of an atom? Of course, He is able to enter the world of an atom, but an atom is too small to contain the God of the universe.

2. Is God bigger than Man? Of course God is bigger than man. He is able to enter into the world of Man, but Man is too small to contain the God of the universe.

3. Is God bigger than the Pacific Ocean that stretches out for thousands of miles? Isaiah 40:12 says, “God has measured the waters (of the earth) in the hollow of His hand.” How big is the hand of God? If all the waters from all the five oceans and all the lakes, rivers and glaciers were placed into the hand of God, they would not only fit into the palm of his hand, but the Bible says all the waters would fit into the hollow of His hand.

Of course God is bigger and is able to enter into the world of the oceans of the earth, but the oceans are too small to contain the God of the Universe.

4. Is God bigger than the Earth? Isaiah 48:12-13 says, “I am He, I am the First and the Last. Indeed My hand has laid the foundations of the earth.” Geology describes the earth’s foundations as being the middle mantle and the outer crust. The inner core can be likened to its cornerstone (see Daae,1 1989, p.32-34). The Bible refers to the earth’s cornerstone and foundations in Job 38:1 to 6 where we read, “Where were you when I laid the foundations of the earth.—- or who laid its cornerstone?”

Of course, God is able to enter into all parts of our Earth, but our earth is too small to contain the God of the universe.

5. Is God bigger than our solar system? Scientists have discovered certain stars with a mass great enough to fill a space as big as the distance from the sun to the Earth. Can one imagine the great amount of rock there would be in such a sphere.

Of course, God is able to enter into all parts of our Solar System, but the solar system is too small to contain the God of the Universe.

6. Is God bigger than our Milky Way Galaxy which is a disc shaped Island Universe consisting of about 100 billion stars. There is a great concentration of stars in the central axis with spiral arms that extend away from the centre. Our solar system is like a tiny dot in one of the outer spiral arms as shown below.

Milky way galaxy. Photo courtesy of An Atlas of the Universe

Milky way galaxy. Photo courtesy of An Atlas of the Universe

If we should take an imaginary voyage through space from earth in our space ship travelling at the speed of light which is 186,000 miles per second. We would literally flash by the moon in seconds. It would take 8 minutes to pass by the sun and it would take 4 years to reach the nearest star outside our solar system. It would take about 28,000 earth years travelling at the speed of light to reach the central part of our galaxy. To travel from one peripheral edge to the other across our galaxy would take about 100,000 earth years.

Of course, God is able to enter into all parts of our galaxy, but our galaxy is too small to contain the God of the universe.

7. Is God bigger than our universe? Astronomers estimate that there are more than 100 billion galaxies within our universe. To travel from our Milky Way Galaxy to one of the closer galaxies for example, the Great Nebula (M-31) in the constellation Andromeda would take about 750,000 years travelling at the speed of light (figure 2). This spiral shaped galaxy is similar in structure to our own galaxy.

M31, the Andromeda galaxy. Photo courtesy of SEDS

M31, the Andromeda galaxy. Photo courtesy of SEDS

In 1989, the Hubble Telescope was launched into orbit about 300 miles above the earth. A repair mission in 1993 fine tuned its optical system. This enabled the orbiting telescope to obtain results that have surpassed astronomers fondest dreams. Amazing discoveries of new galaxies and clusters of galaxies are continually being made. One such cluster has been called the “Great Wall”. It is estimated to be about 500 million light years in length, 200 million light years in width and 15 million light years in depth. Within this Great Wall are large numbers of galaxies. Yet from the earth without the aid of a powerful telescope, it would appear as a tiny star. In comparison, Our Milky Way Galaxy would appear like a tiny little speck in the midst of a sea of galaxies within this Great Wall. Each galaxy and galaxy cluster within the universe appears to be on a trajectory orbit travelling at speeds, in some cases, approaching the speed of light.

Astronomers have been able to detect galaxies over six billion light years away from earth. In other words, if a certain star within a galaxy should explode,that is, become a super novae, it would take over six billion earth years to know anything about it. Astronomers claim there is a limit to our universe. If this is so, what lies in the great beyond? Would there be endless universes in the great beyond or would there be endless space?

Is God big enough to fashion a universe including all the galaxy clusters? Isaiah 40:12 says, “God has measured the Heavens with the span of His hand.” Humanly speaking a span is the distance from the tip of the little finger to the tip of the thumb when the hand is stretched out, a distance of about 9 inches. Then Isaiah 48:13 says, “My right hand has stretched out the heavens.” This implies that God is the One responsible for stretching out or expanding the boundaries of the universe with His hand. How big is the hand of God that He can measure and stretch out the universe with His hand?

Isaiah 48:12 says, “My right hand has stretched out the heavens; when I call unto them, they stand up together.” This implies that God has complete control of every galaxy, star, pulsar, quasar, planet, moon, etc., within our universe. Each one would respond to His word or command. If God should command our sun which is travelling upon a trajectory orbit within our Milky Way Galaxy to slow down or speed up, it would respond accordingly. It becomes obvious that God has control of, what we call, natural laws and that he has a supernatural computer system that controls the movements of every star in our universe.

The psalmist received a glimpse into the bigness of God. We read in Psalm 8:3-4, “When I consider Your heavens, the work of Your fingers, the moon and stars which You have ordained, what is man that You are mindful of him.” How big are the fingers of God that He is able to fashion a universe by the work of His fingers? Then we read in psalm 8:1, “O Lord, our Lord how excellent is Your name in all the earth, You who set Your glory above the heavens.” This verse implies that God’s glory extends above and beyond the realms of the universe into the great beyond.

We read in Job 22:12-14b, “Is not God in the height of the heavens? And behold the height of the stars, how high they are and He walks the circuit of the Heavens.” God is never in a hurry, He never needs to run. How God is able to walk the circuit of the universe is beyond human understanding. As finite, created beings we are bound by space and time, whereas God fills all space and time. We read in Jeremiah 23:24, “Do not I fill all heaven and earth says the Lord.”

Once we see the bigness and greatness of God, we begin to see the smallness of man. On the basis of rational reason and logic the Creator must always be greater and bigger than what he has created. If creation appears great, glorious, beautiful and majestic, how much greater, more glorious, more awesome, beautiful and majestic must God be. The Creator must always be greater than what He has created.

Of course, God is able to enter into all parts of the universe, but the universe is too small to contain the God of Heaven and Earth.

We get another glimpse of the great God of the universe in Isaiah 40:28-31,

“Have you not known?
Have you not heard?
The everlasting God, the Lord,
The Creator of the ends of the earth,
neither faints nor is weary.
There is no searching of his understanding.
He gives power to the weak,
and to those who have no
might He increases strength.
Even the youths shall faint and be weary,
and the young men shall utterly fall,
but those who wait on the Lord
shall renew their strength;
they shall mount up with wings like eagles,
they shall run and not be weary,
they shall walk and not faint.”

This is the same God who said in Matthew 11:28-31, “Come to Me, all you who labour and are heavy laden and I will give you rest. Take My yoke upon you and learn of me, for I am gentle and lowly in heart, and you will find rest for your souls. For My yoke is easy and My burden is light.”

From the above references we discover that the God of the universe is also a loving, personal God who is wanting to help and to assist man in his journey through life. He has extended an invitation to all mankind to come to Him for rest and strength. He is continually wanting to get our attention. Being, His invitation is to each one of us, it is imperative that we begin to search him out and to find out who He is.

We have briefly discussed the first two questions namely, How old is God? and How big is God? Now we will consider the question, Who is God?

Who Is God?

The God of the Bible is One God with three persons, God the Father, God the Son and God the Holy Spirit. He is all powerful (omnipotent), everywhere present (omnipresent), and all knowing (omniscient). He has always been and always will be. He is the God of the universe and is portrayed as a three-in-one relationship, one God with three distinct personalities: God the Father, God the Son, and God the Holy Spirit. In relation to the physical universe, God the Father can be likened to the “Master Architect,” God the Son to the “Master Creator,” and God the Holy Spirit to the “Infinite Indweller.”

It was in the beginning that God the Father, the great Master Architect came forth with an architectural blueprint or plan for the entire universe. Within the Father is found all the power to create. He could have created each individual sphere in space by the awesome power of His Word, but he has chosen to assign the actual work of creation to God the Son, the Great Divine Creator and Contractor of the universe, who carried out the perfect will and plan of God the Father by creating, forming and making the heavens and the earth. We are told that, “All things were made by Him and without Him was not anything made that was made” (John 1:3). The Holy Spirit was sent to indwell, to fill, and to perpetuate this vast area of creation. God the Holy Spirit has the inherent power to create. He could have created the universe, but He didn’t, because the work of creation was delegated to God the Son who is no other than the Lord Jesus Christ Himself.

It is important to keep in mind that there was and continues to be perfect harmony and cooperation between God the Father, God the Son and God the Holy Spirit in the overall work of planning, designing, creating, forming and maintaining the universe. To illustrate, an architect is involved in the work of planning large buildings. The contractor is involved with the work of construction, and the people who occupy the building are the indwellers. Thus we begin to see that all three persons of the Godhead were involved in the overall work of creation, but each had a different, unique, role to play.

The very first verse of Genesis brings out the plurality of the Godhead in creation as follows: “In the beginning God created the heavens and the earth.” (Gen. 1:1) The Hebrew word for God in this verse is ELOHIM, which has the Hebrew ending most commonly used for masculine nouns in the plural. A devout Hebrew scholar of two centuries ago, Dr. Parkhurst defined the word Elohim as a name usually given in the scriptures to the Trinity, by which they represent themselves as under the obligation of an oath.2

According to this definition the Elohim covenanted not only with the creation but, as the Godhead, within itself. Creation is the act of the Elohim. In Colossians we see that Christ, the second person of the Godhead is within the Elohim as follows: “For in Him were ALL THINGS CREATED, that are in heaven, and that are in earth, visible and invisible – all things were CREATED by him, and for him.” (Colossians 1:16) and again we read as follows: “All things were MADE by him, and without Him was not anything made that was made” (John 1:3).

Then in Genesis we read that the Spirit of Elohim moved or brooded over the waters of the earth as follows: “And the Spirit of God moved upon the face of the waters” (Gen. 1:3). This is the first mention of God the Holy Spirit who is involved with the maintenance of creation.

According to Stone, Elohim is always in the plural form, but is accompanied by verbs and adjectives in the singular.3 In the first verse of Genesis the verb “create” is singular, as it is throughout the Bible. In many places we find singular pronouns, such as “I am God (Elohim) and there is no God (Elohim) beside me” (Isaiah 45:5). Elohim often speaks of himself as “us” or “our”: “Let us make man in our image” (Genesis 1:26); and also when God came down to earth and dispersed the nation of Babel throughout the earth, “Let us go down and confound their language”(Genesis ll:7). A third example is when the prophet Isaiah was given a glimpse of the Lord God of heaven and earth `high and lifted up,’ sitting upon a throne. God said to the prophet, “Whom shall I send, and who will go for us.” (Isaiah 6:8). In both the Old and New Testaments the Trinity of the Godhead is revealed through the word Elohim as a plurality: the Father, the Son, and the Holy Spirit, yet one God.

The Hebrew word Elohim also expresses the idea of greatness and glory, including creative and governing power, omnipotence, and sovereignty.4 From Genesis 1:1 to 2:4 the only word used for ‘God’ is Elohim, which appears thirty-five times. It is Elohim who by his mighty power creates the universe by the power of his word and the breath of his mouth. In other words, He is the possessor and ruler of all heaven and earth, whose presence cannot be confined by space or time. The Bible says that he fills all space which is recorded, “Do not I fill all heaven and earth saith the Lord” (Jeremiah 23:24). He is the great and mighty transcenent One, which means He exists outside and beyond the boundaries of our universe. He is also imminent within the universe, which means that He is present everywhere within the universe. In other words, He is not dependent upon the universe, but the universe is totally dependent upon Him.

In summation, God is one God and apart from Him there is no other God. He exists eternally as three persons, Father, Son and Holy Spirit. God has a plan for the universe which has been in operation for million of years. It is going on at present and will continue into the future – into all ETERNITY!

References

1. Daae, H.D., “Bridging The Gap: The first 6 Days
2. Parkhurst, Hebrew Lexicon, see Elohim.
3. Stone, Nathan J., “Names of God” (Chicago: The Moody Press, 1944).
4. Stone.

 

 

last updated: March 8, 2013
Copyright © 2010 Genesis International Research Association

Origin and Histroy of the Universe

The origin and History of the universe has always been a mystery and a wonderment to man. What does Man really know about the universe of stars? How old is the universe? What great power brought the universe into existence? What is the history of the universe? What is the future of the universe?

How old is the Universe?

Has the universe of stars always been in existence or was there a particular time it came into being? Is the universe infinite or finite?

Darwinian Naturalists would like us to think that the universe has always existed. They contend that the only reality is to be found in matter. They have replaced God with a materialistic, naturalistic evolutionary theory that supposedly can explain all phenomena throughout the universe. The late astrophysicist Carl Sagan used to begin his television program, Cosmos” with the phrase, “All that has been or is or ever will be is to be found in matter.”

Creationists maintain that the universe came into existence by a creative act of God at a certain point in time. They say the great God of Heaven and Earth literally spoke the universe into existence by the power of His Word and that He continues to form, make and sustain the entire universe by His Almighty Power.

How old is the universe? The Bible says, “In the beginning God created the Heavens and the earth.” The Bible does not attach earth years to the beginning of the universe. Thus it is speculative for Man to set a definite age to the universe based upon earth years. However, there is in Man a desire to set certain ages for the universe.

Young Earth Creationists continue to strongly support a theory that the universe is about 6,000 to 8,000 years old. Whereas, Old Earth Creationists strongly support a theory that the universe is somewhere between 10 to 20 billion years old. These two theories will be analyzed later to determine which views are more scientifically and Biblically correct.

On the basis of modern astronomy there is strong evidence to verify the Biblical thesis that the universe is finite, this means it had a beginning, and that these two records are remarkably complimentary and compatible.

Secular Universe Theories

During the 20th Century, astronomers have formulated the following universe theories:

1. The Big Bang Universe Theory.

2. The Steady State Universe Theory

3. The Oscillating Universe Theory.

4. The Many World’s Universe Theory

The Big Bang Universe Theory

1. The Big Bang Universe Theory states that the universe began with a gigantic explosion sending particles of matter in all directions. As suns, planets, galaxies form they will travel farther and farther into space, and will expand indefinitely. The galaxies will not return to an hypothetical centre. Secular and Christian astro-physicists are saying that 99.97% of all matter in the universe was created suddenly in a split fraction of a second. This event is often referred to as a Big Bang Creation Event.
The Big Bang Creation event marked the beginning of the universe, of all matter, energy and cosmic space and time. It dramatically complements the Biblical creation event which says, “For He spoke and it came to be; He commanded and it stood firm” Psalm 33;9; and also in the Psalms, “By the word of the Lord were the heavens made, their starry host by the breath of His mouth.” (33:6), and, “He commanded and they were created” (148:5).

The Big Bang Creation event is the only universe theory that is currently supported by science. This theory was first postulated in 1922 by the Russian mathematician Alexandre Freedman. He predicted an expanding universe. Seven years later the British astronomer Edwin Hubbell verified this prediction by observing that light is red shifted. When expansion is coupled with the 1968 Hawking-Penrose singularity theorems, it leads, via time-reversed extrapolations to a universe which began at a point in time, in the finite past. Before this event, the universe literally did not exist. Then in 1965, the Bell lab researchers, Arno Penzias and Robert Wilson made a most important discovery. It was the discovery of the “Cosmic Microwave Background Radiation” that exists throughout the universe. This was a visage of an earlier, very hot, and very dense state of the universe.1 This latter discovery remained fairly conclusive, but somewhat speculative and needed more definite confirmation.

In 1989, NASA launched into space the Background Explorer (Cobe) Satellite together with the Hubble Telescope. On April 24, 1992, astronomers made one of the greatest discoveries of all times. This great discovery confirmed two essential ingredients of the Big Bang Theory. First, it confirmed that the universe is expanding and galaxies are moving farther away from an original starting point. Second, it confirmed that there is a “Cosmic Microwave Background” present throughout the universe. It is the radiation left over from the Big Bang Creation Event. As a result, some of the leading astronomers made the following comments:

1. Dr. Stephen Hawking, an avowed evolutionist said, “It is a discovery of the century, if not of all time.”

2. Astrophysicist, Dr. Turner said, “They have found the Holy Grail of the Universe.”

3. Dr. Fredrick Burnham said, “The idea that God created the universe is a more respectable theory today than at any other time.”

4. Dr. Joseph Silk said, “We are viewing the birth of the universe.”

5. Dr. George Smoot said, “If you are religious, it is as if you are looking at God.”

6. Dr. Jeffery Burbage, an avowed atheist said, “It is as if astronomers have rushed off to join the First Church of Christ of the Big Bang.” 2

In a series of papers published between 1966 -70, astrophysicists Stephen Hawking, George Ellis and Roger Penrose have shown that Einstein’s Theory of Relativity is in complete agreement with the Big Bang Theory. They have suggested that the general Theory of Relativity implies that the universe sprang into existence from literally nothing, at least not physical.3

Naturalists do not like the Big Bang Theory because it implies a beginning . If there is a beginning, then there must be a BEGINNER.

The Steady State Universe Theory

2. The Steady State Universe Theory maintains that matter has always been in existence and that there was never a beginning. It states that all the galaxies in the universe have always been expanding at a constant rate, and that new matter is constantly being generated, so that the density of the universe always remains constant. Consequently, there is always the same amount of matter in a given space at any time.

This theory does not explain the origin of matter or how new matter is being constantly created or generated. The 1965 discovery of the “cosmic background radiation” dealt this theory a fatal blow. By the early 1970’s this theory was abandoned by leading astronomers.

The Oscillating Universe Theory

3. The Oscillating Universe theory maintains that the universe has continually experienced infinite cycles of expansion and contraction. There was never an origin to the universe and matter has always existed. It claims that all matter, found in galaxies, is flying apart from a previously compacted mass. The galaxies will eventually slow down, stop and begin to contract under the gravitational pull of its parts. In other words, all the galaxies will return to their original starting place. Ultimately all matter will be come so condensed that it will explode once again. In the process matter is neither created or destroyed, but merely rearranged.

This theory does not explain the origin of matter and what may have caused the original explosion. It was abandoned in the 1980’s, when physicist Allan Guth demonstrated that “entropy” suggests that the energy available to do the work would decrease with each succeeding oscillation cycle. Presumably the universe would have reached a nullifying equilibrium long ago and all the matter would have fallen into one big sluggish conglomeration. Leading astronomers have more recently discovered that the universe has only a fraction, about one fifth, of the mass required to create contraction in the first place.

The Many Worlds Universe Theory

4. Evolutionary Naturalists have now come out with, “The Many Worlds Universe Theory” to counteract the Big Bang Theory that the Universe had a beginning, which implies a Beginner. This theory maintains that matter has always existed. It is designed to explain how the universe came into existence by natural means.

This theory arose to counteract the views of leading astronomers and physicists who are beginning to realize that there has to be a super intellect or God out there who has created and made the universe with such great accuracy. They are discovering that there is “a high degree of fine tuning throughout the universe” that is extremely exact and sensitive. This fine tuning could never have occurred by chance, but as result of Intelligent Design.

The Many Worlds Universe Theory maintains that there is no beginning to matter. They believe the Universe is self generating. They postulate millions and millions of different universes or worlds, each with a different dial setting of the fundamental ratios and constants, so that in fact, the right dial was bound to turn up by sheer chance resulting in the generation of a new universe. They maintain our universe and life on this earth happened to be the lucky one.

This theory admits, there is no scientific evidence for any other universes (worlds), Thus, they postulate that other universes (worlds) are by definition causally inaccessible to our own world. Thus, they cannot be detected by scientific evidence for their existence except that they render probable otherwise vastly improbable events.4 In reality, they have replaced God, the Great Intelligent Designer and Creator, with their atheistic, naturalistic Many Worlds Universe Theory.

The Naturalist Evolutionary Universe Theory is based upon the premise that our universe came into existence with an appearance of design by a purposeless, meaningless, unintelligent, random process. God is not necessary because evolution did it all. Design throughout the universe is only apparent, not real. This premise is clearly stated by Julian Huxley, the grandson of Alduous Huxley, who was a close associate of Charles Darwin. At the University of Chicago’s centennial celebration of the publication of Darwin’s book, “Origin of the Species” in 1959, Huxley claimed that the entire cosmos (universe) came into being and continues to exist under the direction of natural selection operating on chance processes. This theory is in reality a “Creation Story.”

To date, not one of their naturalistic universe theories have any solid scientific support. Inorder to believe in these theories, it is necessary to believe in a religious humanistic philosophy rather than the evidences of science.

Creationist Universe Theories

The Creationist Universe Theory is based upon the premise that an all powerful Creator God has created, formed and made the universe with exquisite design according to an intelligent, purposeful, meaningful plan. This theory is in reality a “Creation Story.”

There are two main Biblically based universe theories namely; 1, The Young Earth Universe Theory and 2. The Old Earth Universe Theory. It is important to know the pros and cons of both theories.

The Young Earth Universe Theory

The Young Earth Universe Theory maintains the Universe is about 6,000 to 10,000 years old. All Creation took place within a six day period. Each Creation Day is considered to be a literal 24 hour interval. They maintain that the earth and a universe of space and time was created on the First Day. The only material object that was created, on this First day, was the Earth. The sun, moon and stars, which includes the vast universe of stars and galaxies, were created on the Fourth Day of Creation.

One of the founders of the Creation Science Movement John Whitcomb6 says that on the First Day of Creation, “God created the earth and the entire universe — of outer space — which was totally empty and therefore dark, until a temporary localized light was created to begin the day/night cycle. At this stage the earth was perfect but incomplete. God created the earth waste and void. Then on the Fourth Day God created the sun, moon and stars (including planets, etc.). They were designed for illumination (with light rays created together in a fully functioning universe), for a clock/calendar system, and for signs.” This theory is, in reality, an Earth centred Universe theory in that the entire universe of stars were created with the earth as it’s central object.

This theory rejects the conventional sciences of astronomy and of geology, because they both uphold a universe that is older than 6,000 to 10,000 years. Both these sciences are labeled as evolutionary based and are not to be trusted. Those who uphold a Young Earth Universe Theory have developed their own science based upon a Young Universe scenario called, “Creation Science.” As a result, the Big Bang Universe Theory is rejected by Creation Science. The science of astronomy does not support the Young Earth Universe Theory. Two Young Earth creationists Paul Nelson and John M. Reynolds admit, “Natural science at the moment seems to overwhelmingly point to an old cosmos. Though creationist scientists have suggested some evidences for a recent cosmos, none are widely accepted as true. It is safe to say that most recent creationists are motivated by religious concerns.” 7

The Old Earth Universe Theory

The Old Earth Universe Theory maintains that the universe is old and that it could very well be 10 to 20 billion years old as advocated by the science of astronomy. It states that the material universe of galaxies including the earth, space and time were created during the First Day of Creation as the Bible says, “In the beginning God created the heavens and the earth” (Genesis 1:1). Then we read in proverbs 8:22-23 which describes the time before God began His work of old, “The Lord possessed me at the beginning of His way, before His works of old. I have been established from everlasting before there was ever an earth” (Proverbs 8:22 – 23). The term BEGINNING could literally mean millions of earth years. In other words, the Bible implies the universe to be old.

This theory maintains that the universe of matter, space and time were created at the Big Bang Creation Event which occurred at the very beginning of the First Day of Creation. However, many additional acts of creation were conducted following this event that have continued throughout the entire Six Day period.

For instance, fragile and short lived comets are believed to have been created by God towards the end of the Sixth Day, just prior to the Creation of Man.

Each Creation Day is considered to be a long period of time extending into many millions of years. This is in keeping with the definition of the Hebrew word YOM which is translated as our word DAY. Both Young and Old Earth Creationists agree that yom has the following three definitions: 1) a period of time; 2) a period of daylight; and 3) a twenty four hour interval. By comparing scripture with scripture the Old Earth Creationists believe that the first two definitions pertain to the Creation Week, whereas the third definition relates to the Work Week.8

This theory recognizes the Bible as being the only Holy Book in the world that gives scientifically accurate information about the origin and history of the universe. The word heavens literally means the universe of stars. This is confirmed in Psalms 8:3-4 which says, “When I consider your heavens, the work of your fingers, the moon and stars, which you have set in place, what is man that you are mindful of him.” From the vantage point of the earth looking into space, one sees the moon and the stars. Many of the stars are distant galaxies. Prior to the invention of the telescope, man was only able to count about 3000 stars. Today with the aid of powerful telescopes man has been able to see multi-millions of stars throughout the universe. God said to Abraham, “Look at the heavens and count the stars, if indeed you can count them, so shall your offspring be” (Genesis 15:5). Then God compares the number of Abraham’s descendants to the stars of heaven and to the sand grains upon the sea shore (Genesis 22:17). We then read in Psalms 147:4, “He determines the number of the stars and calls them all by their names. Great is our Lord and mighty in power and His understanding has no limit.” This theory accepts the Big Bang Theory as being complementary and compatible with the Biblical and the scientific records.

A Creation Universe Theory

God’s Plan and Purpose: God created the universe with a plan and purpose in mind. He, first, formulated a plan which is set out in Genesis I:3, “Let there be light.” This is a plan. For instance, we could say, “Let us go to New York.” This is a plan, but we need a purpose or reason to go, then we must perform work to get there. When we get to New York we can say, “And it was so”. Likewise, God created a universe of light. Every star, moon, planet either emits or reflects light which has involved work. Then God could say, “and there was light” (Genesis 1:3b).

This plan is further expressed by the Hebrew word “KUN,” which is translated “establish” in Isaiah 45:18, “For thus says the Lord, who created the Heavens, who is God, who formed the earth and made it, who has established (kun) it — I am the Lord and there is no other.” This word kun means to come forth with a plan with a purpose in mind.9

God’s purpose for creating this vast universe of light is ultimately for His glory and honour and that all of His created beings, angelic and human, would see the infinite greatness of His mighty works and would glorify Him. We read in Revelations 4:11, “You are worthy , O Lord, to receive honor and glory and power, for you created all things, and by your will they exist and were created.” We also read in Isaiah 43:7, “Everyone who is called by my name, whom I have created for My glory; I have formed him, yes I have made him.”

God’s Work: “In the beginning God created (bara) the Heavens and the Earth” (Genesis 1:1). The Hebrew word “BARA” means to create. Primarily, it means to create something new out of nothing to fulfill a certain purpose. Secondly, it means to create something new out of previously existing matter. In other words, the original Big Bang Creation event would have witnessed the creation of 99.97% of all matter. Subsequent creations would have witnessed the creation of each star and galaxy from matter that would have been previously created at the Big Bang.9

On the basis of the science of astronomy, there is reason to believe that the Universe began with a sudden Big Bang Creation event somewhere between 10 to 20 billion years ago. This marks the beginning of the universe of matter, energy, space and time.

The creation of matter would have emanated in an orderly fashion from the mouth of the Creator, who is no other than the Lord Jesus Christ. Every particle of matter was sent forth by God the Son upon a previously planned trajectory orbit set out by God the Father the great Intelligent Designer of the universe. This concept is supported by the following passages, “By the Word of the Lord were the heavens made, and all the host of them by the breath of His mouth” (Psalm 33:6). He spoke and it was done; He commanded and it stood fast” (Psalm 33:9). “He commanded and they were created (Psalm 148:56).

After the Big Bang at a certain predetermined time, the Creator would have then conducted billions of separate and successive acts of creation where each galaxy and each star within the galaxy were created according to a preconceived plan. Once a star was created it would have been sent forth on a predetermined trajectory orbit within the galaxy controlled by God’s ordinances or laws. Each galaxy in turn would have been sent upon a certain trajectory orbit within the universe. Each galaxy and star would be controlled by God’s highly sophisticated supernatural computer system, where God would have complete control of every galaxy, star, planet, moon, comet, asteroid. etc. This concept is supported by Isaiah 48;13 which says, ” My right hand has stretched out the heavens, when I call to them, they stand up together.” In other words, if the Great God of heaven and Earth is able to change the trajectory orbits or speed of any star by his commands, it means He has ultimate control of the universe.

For skeptics who may question whether Jesus Christ was the true Creator of the universe, we read in John 1:1-3, “In the beginning was the Word, and the Word was with God, and the Word was God. He was with God in the beginning. Through Him all things were made; without Him nothing was made that has been made.” Then John 1:14 clarifies who the Word was, “The Word became flesh and lived for a while among us. We have seen His glory, the glory of the one and only Son who came from the Father, full of grace and truth.” Then we read in Colossians 1:16-17, “For by Him all things were created in heaven and on earth, visible and invisible — He is before all things, and in Him all things hold together.” God the Father and His son Jesus Christ are transcendent above the universe. The universe of stars is totally dependent upon God for its existence.

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The Future Fate of the Universe

What is the future fate of the universe? The Bible says that the universe is steadily growing older like a garment of clothing. We read in Hebrews 1:10-12, “In the beginning, O Lord, you laid the foundations of the earth, and the heavens are the work of your hands. They shall perish, but you remain; they will all wear out like a garment. You will roll them up like a robe; like a garment they will be changed. But you remain the same, and your years will never end.” In other words the entire universe is aging and will eventually wear out like a garment of clothing. Only God remains changeless, whereas all creation is undergoing continual change.

There is a future day when the entire universe which includes the earth is going to be destroyed by fire. God judged the world of man about 4,500 years ago by water by sending the world wide Flood of Noah. There is a future judgement that will not only affect the Earth, but also the entire universe. We read in 2 Peter 3:6-7, “By water also the world of that time was deluged and destroyed. By the same word the present heavens and earth are reserved for fire, being kept for the day of judgement of ungodly men.” The Bible then elaborates upon the future judgement as follows, “But the day of the Lord will come like a thief. The heavens will disappear with a roar; the elements will be destroyed by fire, and the earth and everything in it will be laid bear. Since everything will be destroyed in this way, what kind of people ought you to be? You ought to live holy and godly lives as you look forward to the day of God and speed its coming. That day will bring about the destruction of the heavens by fire, and the elements will melt with fervent heat. But in keeping with his promise we are looking for a new heaven and a new earth, the home of righteousness.” At this future time all evidences of sin and the works of man will be destroyed forever. God will at this time rejuvenate the earth and the heavens (universe) to the place it was in the beginning.

The first and the second heavens, which relate to the earth and the universe, will be completely free of sin and will be a place of righteousness. We read in Revelations 21: 1-2, “Then I saw a new heaven and a new earth; for the first heaven and the first earth were passed away, and there was no longer any sea. I saw the Holy City, the new Jerusalem, coming down out of heaven from God, prepared as a bride beautifully dressed for her husband. And I heard a loud voice from the throne saying, “Now the dwelling of God is with men. and He will live with them. They will be His people and God Himself will be with them and be their God. He will wipe every tear from their eyes. There will be no more death or mourning or crying or pain, for the old order of things has passed away” He who was seated upon the throne said, “I am making everything new!”

References

1. Stephen C. Meyer, The Return of the God Hypothesis, Journal of Interdisciplinary Studies, Vol.XI No.1/2, 1999 p. 9
2. Hugh Ross, God, Astronomy & the Big Bang Explosion, Genesis International Research Luncheon, Calgary, Alberta, Sept. 29, 1993.
5. Robert F. DeHaan & John L. Weister, The Cambrian Explosion: The Fossil Record & Intelligent Design, Touchstone, July/August 1999, p.65.
6. John C. Whitcombe, The Early Earth, Baker Book House, Grand Rapids, Michigan, Feb 1989, p 38.
7. Paul Nelson & Reynolds, Three Views on Creation and Evolution, Zondervan Publishing House, Grand Rapids, MI, 1999, p.49.
8. H. Don Daae, Bridging The Gap: The First 6 Days, Genesis International Research Publishers, 1989, p 189-192.
9. Daae, p.193 – 199.

last updated: March 8, 2013
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