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The Mechanics of the Flood Disaster Scenario Worldwide

There is sufficient water on the earth today to cover the entire land areas of all continents, including the highest mountains by 22 feet. If this is true, then we can certainly assume that this was also the case in Noah’s time. How is it possible that this statement could be true?

The onset of the Noah’s Flood may have coincided, or have been a result of, a major physical trauma or catastrophic event. The fact that God commands the heavens and the Earth does not imply that events such as the Flood are entirely supernatural. There are many natural devices God may have employed. See Figure 1.

Figure 1: Illustrates the effect that a giant comet could have upon the Earth’s thin crystalline crust.

Figure 1: Illustrates the effect that a giant comet could have upon the Earth’s thin crystalline crust.

The Bible gives valuable clues as to the possible mechanics of the Flood: We read, “And it came to pass after seven days that the waters of the flood were on the Earth. In the six hundredth year of Noah’s life, in the second month, the seventeenth day of the month, on that day all the fountains of the great deep were broken up, and the windows of heaven were opened. And the rain was on the Earth forty days and forty nights (Genesis 7:10‑12). Then God remembered Noah, and every living thing, and all the animals that were with him in the Ark. and God made a wind to pass over the earth, and the waters subsided. The fountains of the deep and the windows of heaven were also stopped, and the rain from heaven was restrained.” (Genesis 8:1‑2)

The Earth consists of three main component parts, an outer crust, an inner mantle and an inner core. The crystalline crust is floating on the liquid and viscous mantle rocks. It is analogous in thickness to the peel of an apple. The crust is about two to four miles thick or less in ocean areas, and ranges from 15 to 30 miles thick in continental areas. The crust is never static. It is always moving, rising in certain areas and sinking in other areas. For example, the continents of North and South America are believed to be moving in a general west direction at about 3 to centimeters per year over riding the thin oceanic Pacific crust which is being sub ducted under the continental crust as a large conveyor belt.

The concept of plate tectonic and the drifting of the continents envisage a continual interaction between the various crustal plates. As the crust slowly moves, great pressures of stress and tension build up, resulting in Earth movements along fault or fracture zones. This results in Earthquakes, earth shakings, movement along faults and also destructive tsunami type of tidal waves. Hot liquid rock is often injected into zones of weakness, and may result in volcanism, or the intrusion of great igneous masses into the sedimentary country rock. This occurs in both ocean and land regions.

The Bible says, “All the fountains of the great deep were broken up” (Genesis 7:11). The Hebrew word for deep is tehoum. It means a profound deep or an abyss. According to Webster’s dictionary the word abyss means a deep, immeasurable space. The profound deep here refers to zones below the Earth’s crust where the juvenile waters are present in conjunction with hot liquid mantle rocks. The hot, liquid portions of the Mantle extends deep into the outer portions of the inner core. As the Earth’s crust was ruptured, fountains of juvenile waters were released into the oceans and atmosphere. The technical language is the same as that used during the First Day of Creation when the “Birth of the Oceans” took place. At that time God released water into the atmosphere, which resulted in the formation of the oceans and the associated water cycle.

The Earth sciences of geology and geophysics have revealed amazing information with respect to the dynamics of the earth’s interior. Much information has been gained through the geological and geophysical sciences with respect to the complexities and the amazing dynamics of the earth’s interior. A special edition of Scientific American entitled, “Our Ever Changing Earth.” 1 gives a revealing insight into the powerful dynamics within the Earth that are continually changing, shaping and shaking our earth.

Enrico Bonatti1 says, “The water in earth’s mantle could equal the amount contained in several oceans.” He goes on to say, “much of this water is probably primordial, captured in Earth’s mantle at the time of its formation over four billion years ago.” In other words there are still great volumes of water present within the interior mantle of the earth that is equal in volume to several of our oceans.

At the time the Flood began, God released additional amounts of juvenile water into the atmosphere. The purpose was to trigger immediate rainfall. We read, “And the windows of heaven were opened. And the rain was on the Earth forty days and forty nights (Genesis 7:11, 12).

If great volumes of hot juvenile waters were released into the atmosphere, clouds would not condense immediately. As soon as warm water begins to condense, additional heat would be released, preventing further condensation. An outside cooling agent or catalyst was required to cause the warm waters to condense and for rain to fall immediately. A close friend of mine, Walter Nemanishen, a hydrologist engineer, suggested the importance of a cooling catalytic agent. Otherwise the rain would never have occurred immediately. God must have introduced such a mechanism, possibly from outer space to fulfill His purpose.

An exceptionally large, giant comet could provide this mechanism. A comet tail is extremely cold. It consists of frozen particles of water, ammonia, methane and meteoric dust. If sufficiently large, the introduction of these particles into the atmosphere could have provided the required cooling effect. The relatively thick layer of gases and cloud comprising the Earth’s atmosphere tends to act as a barrier to insulate against such intrusions. It also stores a large amount of heat, protecting the surface of the Earth against the absolute coldness of space. The Earth has passed through the tails of average size comets in modern history (including that of Halley’s comet in 1910) without catastrophe. (see Figure 1)

If we assume, the Lord God allowed the extremely cold tail of an exceptionally large comet to pass through and to cool the atmosphere, it would act as a catalytic agent to condense the warm water into clouds causing rain to fall immediately. The Flood was an exceptional time, and the Lord may, indeed, have introduced such an exceptional event.

It is also possible that God introduced some other trauma. For instance, the atmosphere is a relatively delicate veil against the absolute coldness of space. Should God have commanded even a small atmospheric aberration, temperatures could have fallen dramatically.

The Bible describes a strange wind passing over the Earth during the forty day period: We read, “And God made a wind to pass over the Earth” (Genesis 8:16). It is possible that this “wind” was a disruption in normal atmospheric conditions made by God to temporarily reduce its ability to retain heat from solar radiation, or it may have resulted from the passing of a cold comet tail. This wind passed over the Earth, implying that it was not an ordinary type of wind, but was induced by an external force. (see Figure 2)

Figure 2: Chronology of Noah's Flood.

Figure 2: Chronology of Noah’s Flood.

The crustal trauma that the earth experienced at this time could be explained by the gravitational attraction of an approaching extra terrestrial object. It is here postulated that the mass within the coma of a giant comet was sufficient to cause disruptions of the earth’s crust, resulting in an upward swelling and rupturing of the thin oceanic crust, together with a corresponding lowering of the continental areas. This would have triggered the opening of the Fountains of the Deep. See Figure 1.

Isostatic re‑adjustments below the crust would have caused liquid mantle rocks to flow from the continental areas into the oceanic regions to compensate for the rising of the crust. The juvenile waters that form a significant part of the liquid magma within the mantle and the inner core, being more mobile, would have displaced any void area below the ocean crust. This would have resulted in the Fountains of the deep being opened, allowing hot juvenile waters to be released into the atmosphere and oceans. The shifting of the crust in this way would have resulted in great, tsunami, tidal waves to sweep across the oceans and continents. Severe tsunami tidal waves can also occur after a severe Earthquake today.

 

If the thin oceanic crust were raised several hundreds of feet, the level of the ocean would likewise have risen by an equivalent amount. This would have caused giant tsunami tidal waves to sweep across the land areas. It is here assumed that the oceanic crust was raised and the continents were lowered sufficiently to allow the level of the ocean to cover the highest mountain peak by more than 22 feet. See Figure 1.

According to the New International Bible, the waters completely covered the land areas and the highest mountain to a depth of more than 20 feet. We read, “The waters rose greatly on the Earth, and all the high mountains under the entire heavens were covered. The waters rose and covered the mountains to a depth of more than twenty feet(Genesis 7:19‑20).

All the land animals, birds and Man perished in the Flood, except for those that were preserved in the Ark. We read, “And all flesh died that moved upon the Earth, both of fowl, and of cattle, and of beast, and of every creeping thing that creeps upon the Earth, and every man: and Noah only remained alive, and they that were with him in the Ark(Genesis 7:21 & 23b). “Then the Ark rested in the seventh month, the seventeenth day of the month on the mountains of Ararat” (Genesis 8:4)

The Bible says that it rained for 40 days and 40 nights, then God stopped the fountains of the deep and at the same instant the rain from heaven was restrained. We read, “The fountains also of the deep and the windows of heaven were stopped, and the rain from heaven was restrained. And the water returned from off the Earth continually. And after the end of the hundred and fifty days the waters were abated. And the Ark rested in the seventh month, on the seventeenth day of the month, upon the mountains of Ararat. And the waters decreased continually until the tenth month. In the tenth month, on the first day of the month, were the tops of the mountains seen” Genesis 8: 3,4,5). This passage does not say that the rain stopped, but that it was restrained. The clouds were not receiving the same source of water from the fountains of the deep any longer. (Figure 2)

 

The thin oceanic crust would have gradually subsided to where it was approximately prior to the Flood and the continents would have undergone dramatic rising and uplift. This would have allowed the waters to return off the Earth continually (Genesis 8:3). By the end of 155 days, which approximates to our April 17th, the Ark came to rest on Mount Ararat.

Mount Ararat is a 17,000 foot (15,793 meters) mountain in eastern Turkey near the border of land now occupied by Russia. At this moment in time it would appear as though Mount Ararat was higher than the surrounding mountains, because it was not till the tenth month, that the tops of the other mountains could be seen.

Dr. J. K. Charleworth.2 a famous British geologist, maintained that during the later part of the Pleistocene Age, the earth experienced major tectonic movements that affected about 70% of the total surface of the earth. He says, “The Pleistocene indeed witnessed earth movements on a considerable, even catastrophic scale. There is evidence that it created mountains and ocean deeps of a size previously unequalled…. it represents one of the crescendi in the earth’s tectonic history.” He maintains the Himalayan mountains were elevated by over 6,700 feet; the Caucasus Mountains by about 3,900 feet; mountains in northern China by about 10,000 feet; Central Asia by 6,700 feet.3 Modern geology can now place the timing of these major earth movements to a Post Pleistocene time or to Stage Three of the Flood.

The New Golden Age

The new “Golden Age” began the moment Noah and his family stepped out of the Ark on Mount Ararat. Then God spoke to Noah saying, “Go out of the Ark, you and your wife, and your sons and your sons’ wives with you. So Noah went out, and his sons and his wife, and his sons’ wives with him. Every beast, every creeping thing, every bird, and whatever creeps on the Earth, according to their families, went out of the Ark” (Genesis 8:15, 16, 18‑19).

One can imagine the strong emotional feelings that must have flooded the minds of Noah and his family as they stepped out of the Ark onto dry land. They knew that they were the only surviving human beings upon the Earth. A new world of opportunity lay before them. This was truly a time of beginning again for the human race.

For further information on the Flood Window & Pre-Flood window see Newsletters @ www.gira.ca

References

  1. “Earth’s Mantle below the Oceans,” by Enrico Bonatti. This paper is found in the Special Edition of Scientific American, September 26, 2005 edition of “Our Ever Changing EARTH,”  on pages 65-73.
  2. Professor J.K. Charlesworth, The Quaternary Era vol.1, pp. 604-606. Also see
  3. Filby Fredk.A., “The Flood Reconsidered: A review of the evidences of geology, archaeology, ancient literature and the Bible.” London, Pickering & Inglis Ltd., 1970. P. 4.

 

 

last updated: March 7, 2013
Copyright © 2010 Genesis International Research Association

Mechanics of The Flood Disaster Scenario in Calgary

Space only provides a very brief explanation of the mechanics of the Flood Disaster Scenario. This scenario envisages two main stages of worldwide crustal movements with an intervening stage of relative quiescence referred to as Stage Two.

Figure 1: A Biblical and Geologically based chronology of the history of man.

Figure 1: A Biblical and Geologically based chronology of the history of man.

Stage One equates to the early part of the first 40 days as shown in Figure 2. It is characterized by the sudden eruption of many of the volcanoes along the west coast of North America and throughout the world. The volcanism would have been followed by heavy rainfall. The Bible record provides a clue in Genesis 7:11, “on that day all the fountains of the great deep (abyss) were broken up, and the windows of heaven (rain) were opened.” This resulted in the worldwide rupturing of the thin oceanic crust causing giant earthquake induced tidal waves (tsunami type) to sweep across North America. Great erosion damage would have taken place during the initial time span of Stage One of the Flood. All land life would have been destroyed almost instantly. Only partial water life would have perished. Reptiles, amphibians, fish, sea mammals and invertebrate sea life would have been able to survive, for the most part, in a Flood Disaster Scenario. (see Figures 1, 2, 3)

Figure 2: Chronology of Noah's Flood.

Figure 2: Chronology of Noah’s Flood.

Powerful tidal waves (Tsunami type) would explain how boulders, cobblestones and pebbles came to lie upon an older eroded geological strata. It would also explain why a white calcareous precipitate of volcanic ash is present on the boulders, cobblestones and gravels associated with Stage One of the Flood in Calgary. Leon Denison, a US geologist, has studied various areas along the western and interior regions of the USA. He has evidence to indicate that there were several volcanoes active at the same time (verbal communication). Not all areas in the world would have volcanic ash deposits. It so happens that Calgary and some other portions of Alberta were in the area where ash was deposited.

The sites of Pre-Flood Man in Alberta would have been partially or completely destroyed by powerful, giant (tsunami) tidal waves and currents. Artifacts of Man and pre-Flood animal remains have been found associated with Flood deposits in various parts of North America including Western Canada and the Yukon. The dismembered bones of pre-Flood animal life and the artifacts of pre-Flood Man would have been carried varying distances and re-deposited in sporadic areas by the swiftly flowing tsunami waters.

In Calgary, the Stage One Flood Deposits are found lying directly upon eroded Pleistocene glacial till or medium to light gray glacial lake sediments. This deposit consists of boulders up to 2 feet in diameter at the base mixed with cobblestones, pebbles and sands that are coated with a calcareous, white volcanic ash.

In Calgary, the Stage Two Flood Deposits relate to the deeper water, finer silts and clays. As the Flood Waters reached their maximum level, only clays and silts would have continued to be deposited in a relatively calm, quiescent environment. We read, “For forty days the flood kept coming on the earth, and as the waters increased they lifted the ark high above the earth. The waters rose and increased greatly on the earth.” (Genesis 7:17-18)

It is postulated that a giant comet provided the mechanism that triggered the dramatic disruption of the earth’s crust. This resulted in fountains of lava & water to erupt and for rain to fall for the first 40 day period of the Flood (Figures 2 & 3). Some comets and their coma tails are estimated to be over 50 million miles in length. The Bible says, “God made a wind to pass over the earth.” (Genesis 8:1) It is here postulated that it took the tail of the comet 40 days to pass by the earth.

Stage Two: As the Flood waters reached their maximum levels there would have been a period of relative calmness or quiescence throughout the earth. At this time the mechanism that triggered the crustal disruption would have passed on. This would have allowed the earth’s crust to begin to restore to its original isostatic equilibrium state. We read, “And the waters subsided. The fountains of the deep were stopped and the rain from heaven was restrained.” (Genesis 8:1-2) The implication here is that when the doors of the earth were closed, then the waters began to subside.

Stage Three: Dr. J. K. Charleworth.2 a famous British geologist, maintained that during the later part of the Pleistocene, the earth experienced major tectonic movements that affected about 70% of the total surface of the earth. He says, “The Pleistocene indeed witnessed earth movements on a considerable, even catastrophic scale. There is evidence that it created mountains and ocean deeps of a size previously unequalled…. it represents one of the crescendi in the earth’s tectonic history.” He maintains the Himalayan mountains were elevated by over 6,700 feet; the Caucasus Mountains by about 3,900 feet; mountains in northern China by about 10,000 feet; Central Asia by 6,700 feet.2 Modern geology can now place the timing of these major earth movements to a Post Pleistocene time or to Stage Three of the Flood.

In the early stages of the Flood, I estimate that the tectonic forces would have allowed the continents and mountains to lower as the thin oceanic crust was elevated in various places by several hundreds and even thousands of feet. This would explain why the ocean waters were able to cover the highest mountains.

Stage Three commenced with a gradual lowering of the sea level. This was due to a series of isostatic, crustal re-adjustments that led to the lowering of the thin oceanic crust. This resulted in the flow of mantle rock back to the continental regions in order for the earth to establish isostatic equilibrium once again. This associated tectonic readjustment would have caused dramatic uplifting of the continents and mountain regions throughout the earth. This would also explain the many recently formed shoreline terraces that can be observed at many different levels from sea level up to several thousand feet above sea level. Many of these ancient shorelines have been documented in the geological literature throughout the earth. As an example, in 1956, I was on a geological field Party between Jasper and Banff where the Foothills meet the Rocky Mountains. We observed several of these shorelines which meant the sea level had to have been higher than the Foothills and Plains to the east at the time they were formed.

There were obviously many still-stand periods of the sea with in-between rapid decreases of water levels. When a still-stand took place a shoreline would form. The rapid decrease of the water levels would have been associated with sudden earthquakes resulting in giant tsunami tidal waves that would have swept across the land surfaces causing extensive erosion and re-deposition of sediments each time they occurred. This would also explain why there are many wide river channels on the earth’s surface today that were at one time filled with rushing water. Presently, there is generally a small little stream meandering in its lower parts.

 

 

 

last updated: March 7, 2013
Copyright © 2010 Genesis International Research Association

Could this be the Result of Noah’s Flood?

The above scientific evidences reveal that there was a sudden flooding of the Black Sea region about 7500 years before the present. This is characterized by a rapid faunal replacement of terrestrial life by deep-water marine life. Two world renowned scientists Ryan and Pitman from the Lamont-Doherty Earth Observatory, Columbia University, Massachusetts relate this catastrophic event to Noah’s Flood.

They regard the Flood of Noah as being a local event that affected the Middle East region and places like the Black Sea. They do not regard the Flood to have been worldwide and to have destroyed all mankind on the earth except for Noah and his family. They are thus assuming that many of the former occupants may have escaped and survived this catastrophe. Thus, a record of this event should be found in archaeology.

One important deduction they made was, “The new high-precision AMS date for when the Bosporus floodgate had broken open gave them a benchmark for dividing history.”(Ryan & Pitman, 1999;p150) This is confirmed by figure 1.

Figure 1: A Biblical and Geologically based chronology of the history of man.

Figure 1: A Biblical and Geologically based chronology of the history of man.

Pitman methodically deduced that the Bosporus Strait began to breach when the marine waters from the Mediterranean began to pour in to the northern part of the Black Sea. According to his calculations many people in the region would have had an opportunity to escape the Flood waters. They would have survived to tell the story of what had happened.

The Last 12,000 years of Earth’s History

Earth scientists have attempted to unravel the mystery of the history of the Earth during the last 12,000 years on the basis of Pleistocene geology as it pertains to the History of Man.

I agree with Ryan and Pitman that the above evidences give strong support for equating the flooding of the Black Sea event with Noah’s Flood. The timing is remarkably close to the Biblical date of about 4,500 years B.P. It is also remarkably close to the Egyptian Type Section date of 4,500 years B.P (Figure 1).

Ryan and Pitman are able to verify that Neolithic settlements became deserted throughout Greece and the Middle East including Jericho and the Mesopotamia region at the same time. They are thus inferring that Noah’s Flood was responsible for terminating Neolithic settlements in this entire region.

In GIRA we are able to confirm that the Old Kingdom Age in Egypt came to an abrupt termination during the Neolithic Age about 4500 years ago. The difference between 7500 years and 4500 years before the present (BP) is 3,000 years. This involves a slight correction to the EMS C-14 dating method that is presently in use.

Assuming the proper pre-Flood Carbon 14 correction is 3,000 years, therefore the first Barbados rapid warming period of 14,500 years BP would be 11,500 years BP. The second Barbados warming period of 11,400 years BP would be 8,400 years BP. These dates would then conform very closely with our History of Man chart (Figure 1).

To gain a more complete insight into the last 10,000 years of earth’s history (see Newsletter Vol. 13, No.2 “Archaeological Evidences of Pre-Flood Civilizations.” www.gira.ca ).

Was Noah’s Flood Global?

Present day geological evidences gives strong support for a global Flood. In other words the Flood of Noah was not just restricted to the Black Sea and the Middle East region as some maintain. It was worldwide. After making a study of Noah’s Flood event in Africa, Europe, Asia and America, I am convinced that the science of geology has sufficient evidence to verify a Flood of worldwide proportions.

References

William Ryan & Walter Pitman, “Noah’s Flood” with the caption, “The New Scientific Discoveries About the Event That Changed History,” produced by Simon & Schuster, New York, 1999. All references are to be found in Ryan & Pitman’s book, “Noah’s flood.” Ross and Degens survey aboard the Atlantis 11 in 1969 is also referenced in this book.

 

last updated: February 27, 2013
Copyright © 2010 Genesis International Research Association