Skip to Content

Bridging the Gap Vol. 14 No. 1

Our focus for this issue of Bridging The Gap is the Black Sea. The Black Sea by way of the is an inland sea between southeastern Europe and Anatolia that is actually a distant arm of the Atlantic Ocean by way of the Mediterranean Sea. This body of water possible derives its name from the colour of the Black Sea’s deep waters. Being further north than the Mediterranean Sea and much less saline, the microalgae concentration is much richer, causing the dark colour.

The Black Sea forms an enclosed basin, located between south-eastern Europe and Asia Minor. The basin was formed during the Miocene orogenies which uplifted the mountain ranges and divided the ancient Tethys Ocean into several brackish basins, including the Sarmatic Sea. The Caspian, Azov, Aral and Black Seas are the remnants of this evaporated basin.

  • Early Man in the Black Sea Region The term “Early Man” in this Newsletter relates to the people who lived prior to Noah’s Flood. Archaeology and anthropology would relate the term “Early Man” to the Great Stone Age period that in turn can be divided into the Paleolithic, Mesolithic and the Neolithic ages. We consider Egypt as the type section for determining ...
  • The Glomar Challenger It is interesting to note that William Ryan gained much of his experience aboard the famous drillshp called the Glomar Challenger. In 1968, the US National Science Foundation launched the maiden voyage of the famous drill ship, the Glomar Challenger. This dynamically positioned drillship was committed to explore the earth’s crust, the middle mantle and the ...
  • Could this be the Result of Noah’s Flood? The above scientific evidences reveal that there was a sudden flooding of the Black Sea region about 7500 years before the present. This is characterized by a rapid faunal replacement of terrestrial life by deep-water marine life. Two world renowned scientists Ryan and Pitman from the Lamont-Doherty Earth Observatory, Columbia University, Massachusetts relate this catastrophic ...
  • The Barbados Coral Reef Studies In 1988, Rick Fairbank(Ryan & Pitman, 1999;p154) a research scientist at Lamont-Doherty chartered a ship to explore the modern coral reef on the Barbados in the Caribbean. He concentrated on the last Ice Age thaw of about 25,000 years ago to its present postglacial thaw. He was successful in coring hundreds of feet of reef ...
  • The Magnitude of the Black Sea Flood Ryan and Pitman began a quest to determine the magnitude of this flood. How big was the flood, how long did it last, at what rate did the water rush in and the lake rise, and how rapidly must one have fled to escape drowning? What was its hydraulic head at the outset of the ...
  • The Aquanaut Research Vessel In 1993, a team of Russian scientists at the P.P. Shirshav Institute of Oceanography in Moscow were planning an expedition to the Black Sea. They were to measure the radioactive fallout of the Chernobyll nuclear power plant to see whether it had reached the Black Sea region. They needed financial help, thus were looking for ...
  • Bosporus Strait Discovery On October 18, 1961, the Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution of Cape Cod, Massachusetts with its flagship, “The Chain” undertook its first United States oceanographic venture into the Black Sea. Aboard were distinguished guests from the Turkish Navy. They sailed from the Mediterranean through the Dardenelles through the Sea of Marmara to the Bosporus Strait. The ...